Learn Complex English Sentences From A REAL English Conversation


– Hey, the other day I sent out a message to my students on Instagram, and I’m actually looking
at their responses. You see, I asked them this question, what is the hardest thing
about studying English? And I received over a hundred responses, but one of the responses that really stuck out
to me was this response. Writing complex sentences in English. You see, I realized that
students just like you, have a hard time writing
complex English sentences. And that’s why I made today’s lesson. Because in today’s lesson,
I’m gonna teach you some complex English sentence structures. I’m Teacher Tiffani, let’s jump right in. (upbeat music) All right, so here’s the process. The first thing we are gonna do is listen to a real conversation
between two Americans. Now, for those who haven’t
heard this podcast episode, I actually spoke to my friend
Sabine, who is a New Yorker, and we had a great conversation. So, you can check out
the full conversation by clicking the link in the description to listen to the podcast episode. But for our lesson, the
first thing we’re gonna do is listen to a snippet
of that conversation. Now after we do that, the
next thing we’re gonna do is review one complex sentence
from the actual conversation. Then we are going to actually
analyze it and break it down. And finally, what we’re
gonna do is look at examples of how it can be used
to talk about your life. All right, so let’s get started. We’re gonna look at the first clip of my conversation with Sabine. Here we go. – Now how far away are
they from each other? Not Long Island and Brooklyn? – It depends exactly where you’re going. So, if I were to look at the distance from where I live now to where
I used to live in Brooklyn, I would say give or take
no traffic, I can make it, I would say about 40 to 45 minutes – Okay, good start.
– By car. Public transportation might be I would say, about an hour and 30 if you’re taking the Long Island Railroad. – All right, so we saw
that clip and don’t worry, we’re gonna watch it again so that you can hear
exactly what she was saying and exactly what I was saying. But there was a sentence
that I want us to look at, a complex English sentence. So, let’s check out our first sentence. Here we go. The first sentence is, “If I
were to look at the distance “from where I live now to where
I used to live in Brooklyn, “I would say I could
make it in 40 minutes.” Now that’s a doozy. That’s a really complex English sentence, but I’m gonna teach you how to actually make a
sentence just like this. So, now we need to analyze it. Looking at this sentence,
let’s start analyzing. The first part is, “If I were to.” We use this to introduce a possible action that will become the support, foundation, or lead into my next statement. So, in other words, I’m
introducing something. So I can say, If I were to, and then I’m gonna say something that is gonna support my action. So, let’s look at it a little closer. I know that it’s a bit
challenging right now, but I guarantee you, you’ll be able to do
it by the end of this. So going back, here we go. Now we have, “I would say.” So, this is used to introduce our guess, assumption, or opinion. So, looking at it a little bit closer. Remember, my friend was talking
about Brooklyn, New York, she was talking about the distance. So again, if she were to, so she’s introducing a possible action. The action, look at the drawing. In her mind, she’s saying if she were to look at the distance now from the previous, or the previous place she used to live in Brooklyn. If she were to do that, then she says she could make it in 40 minutes. She’s guessing, she’s assuming,
or giving her opinion. You’re seeing how these two are connected. Now remember, if you
need help, don’t worry because I have the free
PDF that you can download by clicking the link in the description. So let’s see some real
examples that you can apply to your life using this
complex English structure, English sentence structure. So, here we go. All right, so again we have, if I were to, which is plus the possible action. I would say, plus the
guess, the assumption, or the opinion. So, again in my friend’s example she said if she were to and the action was, “look at the distance
from where I live now “to where I used to live in Brooklyn.” That is the action she was referring to. If she did that, right? Then she continues by saying
her guess or assumption. So, going back. She says, “I would say.” And now we get the guess or assumption. “I could make it in 40 minutes.” Okay, that make sense? Now, let’s see it for your actual life. Here we go. First one, if I were to, now the action, have another
opportunity to meet him. So, let’s say for example, in your life let’s say you go one a blind date and you meet this person,
but you’re not sure if you’re going to be
able to meet him again. So, we’re saying a possible action, meeting this person again. If I were to have another
opportunity to meet him. Now what’s the next part? You remember? All right, the next part is, I would say, and then
we’re giving a guess, that our interaction would
be a lot better than it was. So again, I connected a
possible action with my guess using if I were to and I would say. Make sense? All right, now let’s look
at the second example using the same complex English structure. So, the second one is, if I were to ever publish my own book. Again, a possibility, a possible action. I would say that most people
would probably like it a lot. So again, I gave the possible action. Maybe I would publish a book. My guess, I would say most people would actually like it a lot. Kinda make sense? Now, what we’re gonna do
is listen to the short clip one more time and see if you can hear when she actually says it. So, let’s go back and
watch the clip again. Here we go. Now how far away are they from each other? Not Long Island and Brooklyn? – It depends exactly where you’re going. So, if I were to look at the distance from where I live now to where
I used to live in Brooklyn, I would say give or take no traffic I can make it, I would say about 40 to 45 minutes by car. – Okay, great. So, you heard it that time, right? She actually added a
little bit of filler words. I would say, give or take. Now, the expression give or take just means you are estimating
or you’re giving an average. So, you got it, right? Now we’re gonna move on to our next clip and our next complex
English sentence structure. So, here we go. Now, we’re back on my screen and our second clip is right here. – And I would say in comparison to a lot of other major cities that have underground subways, our subway system is centuries old, literally centuries old and
so it appears a bit run-down and it’s not always the cleanest. So, for people visiting they
might be quite overwhelmed by the sensations and the (laughs) smells and the different
fragrances that might exude from riding the train. – Okay guys, now this
part of our conversation was actually really fun. So again, you can check
out the full episode by hitting the link in the description because we were talking about
the New York subway system and she started to compare it to the subway systems in other countries, but she used a complex
English sentence structure. So, let’s check that one out. Here we go. Now, this sentence structure was, “I would say, in comparison
to a lot other cities “that have underground subways, “our subway system
appears a bit run-down.” Oh, very quickly, guys. So, this expression run-down
just means not taken care of or messy or old. So, not new and neat and tidy. So, she said the New York subway system looks a little bit run-down. And when she was talking about it, I thought about my time in Korea because the subway system
in Korea is immaculate, which just means very
clean and not dirty at all. So, when you compare it
to the one in New York, you can see a really big difference. So, let’s look at the sentence
structure that she used and see how we can also apply it and you can use it in your English, have it in your repertoire. Or have it in your I guess your secret stash of
English sentence structures that can shock and impress
those who are listening to you. So, here we go. So again, this is our sentence
and now we’re gonna analyze. So, the first part is, “I
would say, in comparison “to a lot of other,” dot, dot, dot. Now, this pattern or structure is used when comparing two things and
giving your specific opinion. Now, remember at the
very beginning it says, “I would say,” and there’s a short pause. Well that means I would give
my opinion about something. But we said it’s comparing two things. That’s why we have in comparison two. All right, so let’s see this again in actual real-life example. So, going back again, she’s comparing other underground subways from other cities to the
one that’s in New York. So, looking again, she’s comparing and then she gave her opinion. Now, if we’re looking at it for real life, “I would say in comparison
to a lot of other,” and then give the comparison
and your specific opinion. So, here we go. “Cities that have underground subways, “our subway system
appears a bit run-down.” That’s her opinion. So, here we go. I would say in comparison
to a lot of other, and then I’m given the comparison, people living here, her apartment is extremely
clean and organized. So again, this person is
comparing this woman’s apartment to other peoples’ apartments. This is the comparison that’s happening. So, she said, I would say, which means I’m about to give my opinion and then I pause. In comparison to a lot
of other apartments, this woman’s apartment is
very clean and organized. So, you see the idea is an
idea you already have, as well. You just need to use this complex English sentence structure. So, we have one more example, here we go. The second example using the structure is, I would say in comparison
to a lot of other. Now the comparison, crimes
happening around the world. Now the opinion, this
crime was not too serious. So again, we’re looking at various crimes happening in other countries and also the one we’re discussing. We’re comparing these two groups and then we’re giving our opinion. Make sense? Great job! Now guys, remember, if you
wanna keep studying with me, you can always join my academy. The Speak English with Tiffani Academy. I have the link on the screen right now, but you could always click
the link in the description and I would love to have
you as my permanent student. I love teaching you guys and I love using formulas. All right, now we’re gonna
go on to our last structure. But before we do that,
I wanna let you listen to that clip one more time
to see if you can hear the sentence she said. All right, so here we go. Going back to our clip, here we go. – And I would say in
comparison to a lot of other major cities that have
underground subways, our subway system is centuries old, literally centuries old. And so it appears a bit run-down and it’s not always the cleanest. So, for people– – Okay guys, so you heard it. She said it appears a bit run-down and it’s not always the cleanest. But you heard that first part, I would say, in comparison
to a lot of other cities. So you heard it this time, right? Okay, now we’re gonna move
right into our next clip. So, here we go, gonna take
you back to my screen. Now we’re going into clip number three. Here we go. So, Americans are known
for smiling and saying, hey, how are you? How’s your day? But New Yorkers are a bit different. It’s not that they’re rude,
it’s just a different culture. So, can you explain that (mumbles)? – I would say, again, because New York is, well, let me preface this. When I say New York, I’m not
talking about New York State, I’m talking about New York City. – Yes, New York City. – So, we’re talking
about the five boroughs, we’re talking about Long Island. And even Long Island has
it’s own culture, you know? But I would say, having been
born and raised in Brooklyn, in New York City, I would attribute that just
to the fast pace of life that most of us live like
we’re just going, we’re going. We don’t have time to stop. We don’t have time to say hello ’cause we’re running
for the train (laughs). – All right guys. So again, you saw that clip and you saw that she and I
were enjoying the conversation, but she said something. She used a structure at the
end that is very important. Now, let’s see what that
sentence structure was. She said, “I would say,
having been born and raised “in Brooklyn, I would attribute that “to the fast-paced life.” All right, so that’s
the sentence she used. Now, if we analyze it, we’ll
see the first part was, “I would say.” Now this introduces the fact that what you are about to
say is your specific opinion. You guys are noticing that
these sentence structures that we’re looking at deal a
lot with your personal opinion and how to introduce the fact that you are gonna give your opinion. So she said, I would
say, introducing the fact that hey, I’m about to give
my opinion on a certain topic. Now the second part of this, let’s go back and look at the second part. The second part is, this
shows that you are about to introduce something personal that will support your opinion. So, she said, having been. So again, she said, I would say, letting us know that she’s
about to give her opinion. And then she said, having been. That means that whatever
she’s gonna say is related to her personal experience and it’s gonna support her opinion. So again, I would say,
short pause, having been, dot, dot, dot, and then the opinion. So, A, B, C. So again, let’s see a visual explanation of the conversation. She said she was born,
see the little baby, and raised in New York. So, that serves as a
support for her opinion about this topic. So, let’s see how we can
do this in real life. Again, I would say, plus
your specific opinion and then, having been,
plus something personal that will support your opinion. But remember guys, having
been is gonna be in between I would say and your actual opinion. So, it’s A and C and then
B is kind of sandwiched in the middle. So again, going back to my screen, I would say, having been
born and raised in Brooklyn, I would attribute that
to the fast-paced life. Again, her opinion is, I would attribute that
to the fast-paced life. So, let’s see how we can use
it in a real-life situation for ourselves. First, I would say having been a student at this English institute
for two years now, let’s pause. So, whatever opinion this
person is about to give is supported by the fact
that they have been a student at this institute for two years. Meaning we can trust their opinion. So, now let’s see what their opinion is. Going back to my screen. That the teachers here are amazing. So again, this person could’ve said, I would say that the
teachers here are amazing. Perfect sentence. But when that person put in the middle proof or support by saying, having been a student
here for two years now. That’s a support, their
own, personal experience. It makes their opinion stronger, which means you can do the same thing. Don’t forget, you can
download the PDF for free so that you can practice
this and see the formula. So, don’t worry. Now, looking at the
second example we have, I would say, having been. Here we go with support, in a similar situation to yours before, that the best thing is
to just leave it alone and walk away. All right, so this person’s opinion is, hey, you should just leave
it alone and walk away. But why should I listen to you? Why should I do what you’re saying? Why does your opinion matter? Well, they said, having
been in a similar situation to yours before. Suddenly, I’m like ah,
your opinion is valid. Your opinion is good because
your experience matches or supports your opinion. Does that make sense? You guys could do the same thing. It’s all about thinking in English and figuring out how to put
these sentences together. So, let’s look at the clip one more time and see if you can hear it as she says it. Here we go, we’re going back. Let’s go! So Americans are known
for smiling and saying, hey, how are you? How’s your day? But New Yorkers are a bit different. It’s not that they’re rude,
it’s just a different culture. So, can you explain that (mumbles)? – I would say, again, because New York is, well, let me preface this. When I say New York, I’m not
talking about New York State. I’m talking about New York City. – Yes, New York City. – So, we’re talking
about the five boroughs, we’re talking about Long Island. And even Long Island has its own culture. But I would say, having been
born and raised in Brooklyn, in New York City, I would attribute that
just to the fast-paced life that most of us live. Like we’re just going, we’re going. We don’t have time to stop. We don’t have time to say hello ’cause we’re running for the train. – All right guys, so you
heard it that time, right? She said, I would say,
having been born and raised in Brooklyn, I would attribute
that to the fast-paced life. So you heard it that time, right? Now I wanna know, did you
notice that she paused a bit? Because she was giving her
opinion and thinking about it. You can do the same thing. Now guys, I really hope
you enjoyed this lesson. But remember, you can watch
the full podcast episode or even listen to it. Our full interview, the one
I did with Teacher Sabine, we had a great time together. Remember, all you have
to do is click the link in the description, okay? And you can check out the podcast episode and if you are already in my academy, you can actually watch the full video. Guys, I really hope you
enjoyed this lesson. I hope you learn how to actually use these three complex English sentence structures. Remember to always speak English and I will catch you in the next episode. (soft, upbeat music)

39 Replies to “Learn Complex English Sentences From A REAL English Conversation”

  1. Hi tiffany. I watch your videos a lot. I admire to your voice. It's loud and clear. You have amazing way to learn English. Thanks for your efforts.

  2. hi, i love your lesson, i hundertan other teacher, but your lesson for me are complety diferent…i feel that leard more…thank you so much…excuse for my low gramma skill…regart fron Panama, in Central America.

  3. Hi Tiffany, I like your videos. could you make a video talking about how to stop translating in head? I'm a spanish speaker. Thanks.

  4. Students, with whom you are physically in class, must enjoy & feel quite privileged having a teacher like you. You have a unique and a fascinating way of teaching. I'm becoming more familiar with the phrases and expressions used in American communities.

  5. I would say,in comparison to a lot of other countries that have massive violent crimes, China is one of the most safest countries to live in . Therefore, Safety makes China different from other countries.
    Are these correct sentence, Teacher Tiffani

  6. You're amazing teacher i want to practice every day my goal is to be fluently thank you very much from Dominican Republic

  7. Tiffani, I would say, having been a english second language student over 40's, you are the bestest teacher ever. I love you!

  8. Just a hello from Brazil! I love your English classes!!! The way trat you explain is so clear easy to learn! Congrats!!

  9. Meu Deus! Meu sonho compreender 100% do diálogo, mas estou longe disso…parece que nunca vou sair no nível básico.

  10. I would say in comparison to a lot of other channels I've seen in the last few days this is the best place i have ever been

  11. I am from Brazil. I had saw your email. I read but also I didn't have time by sending to return. I appreciate your videos. I have to learn English grammar and pronuciation. Thanks for all of things.

  12. If I were to look at = If I looked at

    Why did you use "to"? Is this the spoken language or something else?
    I think others would be very interested, because I haven't seen it before, or haven't come up. But if you don't tell me in the next video, please write it down to me briefly.

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